Predictions encourage active reading and
keeping students interested, whether or not the predictions are
correct. Incorrect predictions can signal a misunderstanding that needs
to be revisited. Instruct students:
Look at the pictures, table of
contents, chapter headings, maps, diagrams and features. What
subjects are in the book?
Write down predictions about the
text. During reading, look for words or phrases from those
While reading, revise the
predictions or made new ones.
Many students think visually, using
shapes, spatial relationships, movement, and colours, and can benefit
greatly from this strategy. Instruct students:
Imagine a fiction story taking place
as if it were a movie. Imagine the characters' features. Picture
the plot in time and space.
Imagine processes and explanations
happening visually. Use nouns, verbs, and adjectives to create
pictures, diagrams, or other mental images.
Use graphic organizers to lay out
information. Make sketches or diagrams on scrap paper.
Ask and Answer
Having students form their own questions
helps them recognize confusion and encourages active learning. Instruct
Before reading, think about the
subject based on the title, chapter heads, and visual information.
Make note of anything you are curious about.
While reading, pause and write down
any questions. Be sure to ask questions if there is confusion.
Look for the answer while reading.
Pause and write down the answers. Were all the questions answered?
Could the answer come from other sources?
Relating the text in students' own words
clears up language issues. Retelling challenges them to aim for
complete retention. Summarization allows students to discriminate
between main ideas and minor details. Instruct students:
During reading, note the main ideas
or events. Put a check mark in the book or write a note to point
out a main idea.
At the end of chapters or sections,
review the information or story. Note main ideas or events and
details that support them.
After reading, retell or summarize
the text. Focus on the important points, and support them with
Refer to the book to check the
retelling or summarization.
Connect the Text to
Life Experiences, Other Texts, or Prior Knowledge
Connecting a text to students'
experiences and knowledge helps students personalize the information.
It also helps students remember information when they link it to their
lives. Instruct students:
Is the subject familiar? Do the
characters resemble familiar people? Have you learned about the
concept from school, home, or other experiences?
Is the style or genre familiar?
Does it resemble other texts? Television shows, movies, and games
can be considered "texts".
Write down similarities between the
current test and experiences, knowledge, or other texts.
Word-attack strategies help students
decode, pronounce, and understand unfamiliar words. They help students
attack words piece by piece or from a different angle. Model and
1. Use Picture
2. Sound Out
Start with the first letter, and say
each letter-sound out loud.
Blend the sounds together and try to
say the word. Does the word make sense in the sentence?
3. Look for
Chunks in the Word
Look for familiar letter chunks.
They may be sound/symbols, prefixes, suffixes, endings, whole words,
or base words.
Read each chunk by itself. Then
blend the chunks together and sound out the word. Does that word
make sense in the sentence?
4. Connect to a
Word You Know
Think of a word that looks like the
Compare the familiar word to the
unfamiliar word. Decide if the familiar word is a check or form of
the unfamiliar word.
Use the known word in the sentence
to see if it makes sense. If so, the meanings of the two words are
close enough for understanding.
5. Reread the
6. Keep Reading
Read past the unfamiliar word and
look for clues.
If the word is repeated, compare the
second sentence to the first. What word might make sense in both?
7. Use Prior
Think about what you know about the
subject of the book, paragraph, or sentence.
Do you know anything that might make
sense in the sentence? Read the sentence with the word to see if it
Home Reading Tips
Back to the TOP
read the whole book to your child.
read one sentence, then your child can read one sentence.
reading it together at the same time.
it leaving out words your child can fill in.
one page and your child reads the next.
child reads the entire book.
Students need to understand
story grammar. Model how to retell a story or ask the five W's (who,
what, where, when, why) to get your child to retell the important parts
of the story.
choose a "Just Right Book"
The print is the right
It is interesting
Some places are smooth
and some are choppy.
You can explain it to
There are only a few
words per page that you do not know. You can use the five finger
method. Meaning if you have five errors as you start to read it is